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Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada


Annex 1: summary of engagement findings and available Government of Canada initiatives

This annex provides a summary of what was heard during the 2020-21 community engagement process to inform the 2SLGBTQI+ Action Plan. Alongside these findings are some of the initiatives that the Government of Canada is currently pursuing to contribute to a more diverse, inclusive and equal country, and that are available to 2SLGBTQI+ communities. 

The engagement process underscored key issues in six themes:

  1. Safety and justice
  2. Employment and the workplace
  3. Health and well-being
  4. Housing and homelessness
  5. Global protection and promotion of 2SLGBTQI+ rights
  6. Stigma, isolation and resilience. 

1) Safety and justice

Survey respondents overall who had encountered violence or discrimination


39% of survey respondents overall had encountered violence or discrimination.

The most common forms of violence and discrimination reported by those who experienced them were:


The most common forms of violence and discrimination reported by those who experienced them


Physical violence


Verbal abuse


Psychological abuse


Sexual violence


Property damage


Online harassment


It’s not enough to stop future harms [such as those related to conversion therapy]. It’s also important to address the needs of those who’ve suffered harm.” -Participant

The prevailing view is that intersex people are broken and can only be fixed by medical intervention...while not all intersex people identify as queer, all are subjected to the basic abuse of [their] human rights, autonomy, and the development of a self-image free from sexual stigma.” -Participant

Key current and ongoing initiatives

2) Employment and workplace

Recognizing the importance of inclusive employment, the federal government should dedicate the resources and funding necessary to establish the federal public service as a model for 2SLGBTQI+ inclusion”. -Participant

Key current and ongoing initiatives

3) Health and well-being

Key current and ongoing initiatives

Several federal departments and agencies have already implemented initiatives to improve the health and wellbeing of 2SLGBTQI+ people in Canada. This includes the three Health Portfolio partners (Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Health Canada, and the Public Health Agency of Canada) and federal departments providing health services to specific populations.

The existing initiatives listed below have laid a solid foundation. The first Federal 2SLGBTQI+ Action Plan provides a mechanism through which departments and agencies working on health and wellness will enhance collaboration and coordination across the federal government.

4) Housing and homelessness

“… we need to value seniors. 2SLGBTQI+ seniors have the same right to safe housing as anyone else, and that includes housing for them specifically. Many seniors fought for the rights now enjoyed by younger 2SLGBTQI+ folks but find themselves in unsafe situations where they need to re-closet themselves.” -Participant

It’s hard to stay in a place where you’re discriminated against on the basis of who you are.” -Participant

When your choices are to sleep in a park or in a shelter where you’ll be ridiculed for your identity, there is no safe choice.” -Participant

Housing is a fundamental human right but it’s not the end point. There’s also a need for counselling and other mental health services, safe injection sites, and help with addictions... Giving people support to use drugs safely is not effective when they have no home, no skills to get a job, and in most cases, no ability to even do something such as complete their census form.” -Participant

Key current and ongoing initiatives

5) Global protection and promotion of 2SLGBTQI+ rights

Key current and ongoing initiatives

6) Stigma, Isolation and Resilience

Key current and ongoing initiatives

The Government of Canada is committed to applying Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA Plus) in decision-making to ensure that policies and programs are responsive to and inclusive of diverse needs, and consider impacts on diverse groups of people. GBA Plus is a process for identifying who is impacted by an issue; how they are impacted; how intersecting factors, such as gender identity, sexual orientation, sex, race, ethnicity, disability, age, geography, language, religion, education, and economic status, as well as systemic discrimination, such as homophobia, transphobia, and biphobia, shape experiences, outcomes, and access to programs or services; and how initiatives need to be tailored to meet the needs of diverse groups of people. Women and Gender Equality Canada continues to work with federal departments to strengthen the application of GBA Plus to decision-making, to ensure that initiatives contribute to 2SLGBTQI+ equality and that no one is left behind.

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